Tag Archive: birthday


Einstein, born in 1879, was born in Germany and was the son of an Electrical Engineer.  Most of his childhood was spent in Germany and Italy, but he eventually would move to Switzerland.  His move to Switzerland was prompted by his desire to study mathematics and physics at the Federal Polytechnic Academy located in Zurich.

Many of you know that he worked as a Patent Clerk, which was true, but many of you might not know that this was also in Switzerland, Bern to be exact.  He would also become a Swiss citizen and receive a PHD from the University of Zurich, all of this was before he was 30, 26 I believe. That very same year, 1905, turned out to be a great year for old Albert.

In 1905, Einstein would publish five papers that would affect and some say change the physics world.

“On a Heuristic Viewpoint Concerning the Production and Transformation of Light,” was the first paper published that year.  Basically this paper said that light was made up of photons, and that light, and these photons had particle like properties, yet worked as a wave also.  He also observed that some solids, when struck by light, would emit electrically charged particles.  While he didn’t get much recognition when published, he would eventually win the Noble Peace Prize in physics in 1921 for this paper.

The second and third paper would go together and help prove the existence of atoms.  While common knowledge know, Scientists back in the early 20th century were still disputing their existence, Einsteins papers settled it.  The second paper changed the way atoms and molecules were counted.  It also changed the way that the size of them were calculated.  The theory in the third paper would eventually become known as Brownian Motion.  In short Brownian motion is a mathematical way to explain the erratic and constant movement of particles in fluids.  These two papers would eventually be used to put to rest the arguments that atoms didn’t exist

The fourth paper is one of his most well known, its the special theory of relativity paper that most of us have heard of.  This paper along with the fifth are probably the two most well known to the general public.  The fourth paper, special theory of relativity, states that in special relativity, time and space are not absolute, but relative to the motion of the observer.  Which means that two people traveling at high speeds might not always experience the same events and in fact  wouldn’t even observe the same measurements in their space.  In this theory Einstein argued that the only constant to the two people would be the speed of light.  The speed of light is also the limiting factor in any mass, stating that nothing can travel faster.  The fifth paper expands on this and offers the most well known mathematics equation in history, E=MC².

Sadly it took years for Einstein to be recognized for most of his work.  He was always welcome in physics circuits and continued to write papers for years.  Einstein would marry, father a child, divorce, then marry again, to his cousin….  He would also become known as one of the greatest minds of all time.  His theories would help crack the atom, both for good (atomic power) and bad (atomic weapons)  He became the poster child for science, a virtual rock star, to this day he still appears on shirts, posters and even in video games.  Microsoft used his likeness in old versions of office (you had to chose it over that stupid paper clip.)  There’s way more about Einstein then I listed here worth looking into.  You could always wikipedia or google him, you can also check 0ut the official site http://einstein.biz/.  I also recommend this book Einstein: His Life and Universe by Walter Isaacson http://www.amazon.com/Einstein-Life-Universe-Walter-Isaacson/dp/0743264746/ref=sr_1_4?ie=UTF8&qid=1331742336&sr=8-4 It’s a great read and gives a lot of insight into his personal life.

“Time to party like its 1899!”

Well I hope you learned something and thanks for reading!

John

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So I have read a decent amount of posts about people that don’t know why we have a leap year and leap day ever 4 years.  Well, it comes down to a few factors, mainly the Earth revolving around the sun and math.  While Calendars have 365 days in a year, it technically takes 365 and a 1/4 days to travel around the sun, think of the extra 6 hours as a remainder.  So when the calendar was being finalized, it was decided that it would be way too much of a pain in the arse to have a 1/4 day, so they added an extra day every four, because after four years the extra 6 hours would add up to 24, or 1 day.  Although there have been some leap years that didn’t get the extra day, it has to do with the way the Gregorian calendar works and the way things are divided, I’ve always been a bit foggy on that, you could look it up if you want.

Now why was February 29th picked why not December 32, December is the end of the year? that’s a good question, I didn’t really find much that was concrete, I found two explanations that make sense and are probably correct, if anyone finds another let me know.  As to why it isn’t Decmember 32nd, the reason I found is that December wasn’t the end of the year in the Roman calendar, February was.  So why make February longer? Well this goes back to Romans also.  From What I found, Augustus Caesar wanted his month to be longer (it originally had 30 days as did February). So he arbitrarily shifted a day from February to August.  That’s it, those are the 2 reasons I dug up.  Like I mentioned above, I don’t know how true they are, they sound about right, so if you find anything different please let me know.

Leap year also causes some confusion for birthdays.  In some countries, such as the US and New Zealand your birthday would fall on the 28th.  In others, such as the UK and Wales, your birthday would be the 1st of March.  Which means, you could turn 18 in the US on the 29th, take and early flight to London, and still be 17 and underage for drinking! Bummer right? lol

Now mankind as we know it, like to have a reason to do different things, so because of leap year a few traditions sprang up to go with it.  One, the most popular, is that a woman a man to marry her on leap day, if he refuses he needs to give her money or buy her a dress.  In some areas of Europe, mainly with the upper class, if he refuses, he needs to provide her with 12 pairs of gloves so she can hide her ringless finger.  Also, another one, this time in Greece, is that it is unlucky to get married on that day, even with Windex present, in fact its considered unlucky to get married in a leap year in general let alone leap day.  Must be a horrible year for halls, priests and ministers!

Well that’s about it, that’s the basics about leap day and leap year, hope you learned something, now all the single ladies, go make your move!

well, as usual thanks for reading!

John

If that’s what you thought then you are actually correct well, kinda.  Washington, Was born on the 11th of February, in the Old Style calendar, but the 22nd on the New Style calendar.  The day celebrating him took place between, if your wondering what the old style vs new style is, well, its not real important to this article, but the new style is what we use and the new year starts on January 1st.  Anyway so why is it now Presidents day?  Well, let’s see if we can find out.  Most of us know that George Washington was Americas first elected President.  Originally titled Washingtons Birthday, it was originally celebrated on February 22nd, in 1879.  Originally it was only celebrated in government offices in Washington DC, but it expanded to all federal offices in 1885.  It was implemented by an Act of Congress.  It was the first federal holiday that honored an American Citizen.  So why is it celebrated on the wrong day?  Well, Washingtons birthday was moved to the 3rd Monday in February back on January 1, 1971 by the Uniform Monday Holiday Act.

The first time someone tried to turn it into Presidents Day was way back in 1951.  Harold Stonebridge Fischer from Compton, California.  He formed a committee called the “Presidents Day National Committee”.  Fischer thought that the office of the President should be honored, not just any one president.  He originally wanted March 4th, Inauguration Day to be Presidents Day, but that was overridden by the Senate Judiciary Committee (which had authority over national holidays). They felt that it was too close to Lincoln’s and Washington Birthdays.  They didn’t want 3 holidays so close together so they nixed it.  One of the original drafts of the Uniform Monday Holiday Act intended to rename Washingtons Birthday, Presidents Day in order to honor both Lincoln and Washington, It failed to rename it also, even thought the bill was signed into law in June of 1968.  So how exactly did it become Presidents Day? I mean we now know why its on the 3rd Monday of February, but when did the name change?  Technically it never officially did.  As with most things in today world, advertisers started pushing the term in the mid 1980’s, yup, thats where the name Presidents Day came in.  Through the years some states did officially rename Washingtons Birthday to Presidents Day, but it has never been federally changed.  So there you go.  That’s the short version of the Presidents Day story, there’s all kinds of observances and  such, but I’ll let you look into that yourself if you want.  So as always thanks for reading!

John

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